Do you know that it took Victor Hugo virtually 20 years to write down Les Misérables?

We summarize it for you (only for enjoyable)

It’s Victor Hugo’s most well-known ebook and one of many undisputed biggest works of French literature. Social safety, by which the author, identified for his many commitments, needed to explain the lifetime of humble individuals, questioning the ideas of justice and dignity.

The creator leads us subsequent to the very charismatic Jean Valjean, the protagonist of his novel. A convict who has simply been launched after 20 years in jail for stealing bread. The abbot provides him hope. He modifies his character, earns a fortune and turns into the mayor of a small provincial city. On this upsurge and this social rebirth he meets Fantine, the sufferer of the malice of the strongest, and in addition his daughter Cosette, whom he quickly adopts as his personal baby. On the similar time, he’s tracked down by police inspector Javert, who does every part to arrest him. Not forgetting the younger Marius, carried away by the revolutionary dream of 1830, with which Cosette falls in love. A novel via which now we have by no means seen so clearly, behind the genius of its creator, who wonders how love, dignity can save the unlucky and make them the actual heroes of historical past. Certainly, even probably the most merciless of individuals might be transformed into humanity with the assistance of probably the most harmless souls. It’s about overcoming the despair of the unlucky and elevating them to the rank of nice souls. In brief, love has each weapon to combat social injustice and achieve dignity. We hear him himself admit in his work that “life, misfortune, isolation, abandonment, poverty – these are battlefields which have their unknown heroes, typically larger than the well-known heroes.“.

Jean-Marc Owasse professor of literature, specialist on Victor Hugo, to whom he devoted a biography. On the microphone of Frederik Siegrist on Blockbusters, he helped us higher perceive the genesis of the well-known novel and the way the creator got here up with the thought for this epic story.

Masterpiece of the French novel

This can be a work that goes past the bounds of the literary style itself, a worldwide, even encyclopedic imaginative and prescient that provides all of the originality and ambition of this work. A name that mixes poetic, dramatic know-how, wealthy in dramatization, to the touch on all of the social matters which can be near the creator’s coronary heart, by no means forgetting to attach his topics together with his ardour for historic digressions by which he shares his ideas. à-vis Parisian society, Napoleon, the concepts of the Revolution or counter-revolution, the riots and barricades of June 1832… A literary-historical microcosm attribute of his pen, which he alone is ready to produce to be able to instantly substantiate the authenticity of his social wrestle (the wrestle in opposition to poverty, bettering the residing situations of ladies, the rights of youngsters, the combat in opposition to arbitrariness and extreme energy, a way of fatherhood, doubts about social conservatism, and so forth.). All his work ought to function an edification, if to not society, then to the reader.

On the time when Victor Hugo began to work, he was on the peak of his profession, he had about twenty works to his credit score, in fact, deployed in all literary genres. He was additionally a member of the Académie française from 1841 and had simply been appointed to the Home of Friends within the ranks of the Conservative Social gathering, with the prospect of a promising political profession. However his final novel dates again a very long time (“Notre Dame Cathedral” in 1831), and it is time to reassert his romantic beliefs. Biographer Jean-Marc Owasse remembers in passing that the competitors is fierce as a result of “a second when his nice fellow writers write colossal works that additionally take pleasure in nice success. On the one hand, with Balzac, who builds novel after novel his personal holistic novel The Human Comedy (1830–1856). After which Alexandre Dumas, who on the similar time writes his enormous profitable serial novels within the press. They in some way outshine everybody, and this spirit of imitation provides him the chance to start out a brand new fresco. He additionally intends to consecrate his literary masterpiece, which isn’t on his literary checklist.

He started work in 1845, he was then 43 years previous and the ebook didn’t have the title that we all know. It’s nonetheless referred to as “Les Miserables”. The writing, which first took him somewhat over two years, earlier than being interrupted by the February Revolution of 1848, the development of the barricades of which gave him the thought to inform in regards to the barricades erected 16 years earlier in the course of the revolution of June 1832. Thus the revolutionary motion of February 1848 pissed off his literary mission. The author is straight concerned in nationwide occasions, collaborating within the political lifetime of France. He was elected as a conservative deputy to the Nationwide Meeting of the Second Republic, compelled to place his historical past on maintain. A major alternative by which he can straight defend the causes which can be pricey to him and which he started to refuse within the first a part of his unfinished novel. The work, already enormous, already consists of three-quarters of the plot as we all know it as we speak.

Outcasts in Exile: One other Victor Hugo

After Napoleon III’s coup d’état on December 2, 1851, which ended the very short-lived Second Republic, he was outlawed and compelled into exile, first to Brussels till 1852, to Jersey till 1855, then lastly to Guernsey. Eight years throughout which he fully put aside the adventures of Jean Valjean, Cosette and Marius to be able to give choice to the composition of a few of his biggest collections of poetry, together with The Repentances and Meditations. That is the interval whenhe matures lots ideologically”, explains the biographer. A interval of intense existential doubt, that means that he now not matches the spirit of the primary a part of his novel. He moved to the acute left of the political area. that are the results of a 12-year break (1848-1860). On the similar time, two fully completely different durations of literary creativity are combined in his work. That is why it is also a complete job, as a result of if you’re on the lookout for Hugo’s man and job, every part is in Les Misérables. Furthermore, the creator himself subtly famous this literary caesura between the 2 works, writing “right here the peer of France stopped and the robber continued“.

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