Fredensborg in Denmark, peace citadel

On Tuesday, Could 17, 2022, Queen Margrethe II, together with the jubilant residents of Fredensborg, celebrated the three hundredth anniversary of the citadel through which she resides on sunny days. She finds there the recollections of her predecessors, who earlier than her tasted this trip away from the bustle of town.

In 1719, in the direction of the tip of the Northern Conflict, when Denmark was an ally of Russia towards Sweden, King Frederick IV determined to construct a small pleasure palace on the jap shore of Lake Esrum, 30 km south of Copenhagen, on the positioning of the Estrup River. farm. He himself developed the final thought, however entrusted the sensible job of its implementation to the architect Johan Cornelius Krieger, the royal gardener on the court docket of Rosenborg.

Three years might be sufficient to construct the necessities within the French Baroque fashion underneath the path of basic director of development Johan Conrad Ernst, who has already accomplished the development of the Frederiksberg Palace within the capital. A number of skilled grasp builders and craftsmen took half within the challenge, together with the Italians Marcantonio Pelli and Carlo Enrico Brenno, or the Sturmberg brothers, well-known Austrian sculptors.

From 1724 to 1726, Krieger will construct a church for him – Sloskirken – whose altar, adorned with the silver cypher of Frederick IV, is the work of the sculptor Friedrich Ehbisch. You may also admire the Apocalypse-themed altarpiece by Henrik Krok and the ceiling painted in 2006 by up to date artist Per Kirkeby. Even right this moment this chapel is used nearly each Sunday by a neighboring parish. Spiritual ceremonies regarding the royal household are nonetheless held there, such because the affirmation of the long run Queen Margrethe in 1955, her sons in 1981 and 1982, and most just lately, in 2021, her grandson Christian.

Baroque fashion with French inspiration

On July 3, 1720, Denmark, Norway and Sweden conclude a last treaty that ends an eleven-year battle. The act is solemnly signed on the positioning of the unfinished palace. That is why this one will bear the title metropolis ​​of peace – Fort of the World. The primary one-and-a-half-story constructing is a sq. with a facet of 25 meters, within the heart of which there’s a dome, on the edges of which there are adjoining rooms. In entrance, a big octagonal courtyard is bounded by the principle constructing and 7 one-story outbuildings. You enter by way of the carriage entrance, topped with a clock and a small arrow. In the midst of the courtyard stands a statue of Peace or Unity, which nonetheless exists right this moment.

Fredensborg Fort within the nineteenth century. Portray by Alexei Petrovich Bogolyubov. © Nice Artwork Photographs/Heritage Photographs/Getty Photographs

Frederick IV would spend a lot of the 12 months at Fredensborg within the final years of his life. However, it’s unlikely that his successor Christian VI will come there. Nevertheless, it was throughout his reign, in 1731, that the chancery was constructed for using ministers and their workplaces. Nonetheless in Baroque fashion, with nods to the French Regency fashion, it has a plain façade that includes ornamental pilasters inscribed with the title of Christian VI between two elephant heads. A logo of energy and knowledge, the elephant can also be the symbol of Denmark’s most revered knightly order.

Fredensborg Castle.
Fredensborg Fort, backyard view. © Payft/Getty Photographs

Returning to his grandfather’s habits, Frederick V, along with his second spouse Juliana-Maria of Brunswick, made Fredensborg his everlasting summer season residence and seat of the court docket. Subsequently, large-scale reconstruction and enlargement works are wanted, which might be led by architects Nikolai Eigtved, Laurids de Tura and Kaspar Frederik Harsdorf.

Having been widowed, Queen Juliana Maria will proceed to remain in Fredensborg through the summer season and autumn. However the property was once more deserted after its disappearance in 1796. For half a century, deserted buildings fell into disrepair. It homes former civil servants, personal people transfer into the rooms of the octagon. Throughout the Napoleonic wars, a navy hospital was even arrange right here …

Christian IX will restore Fredensborg’s brilliance

In 1863, the accession to the throne of Christian IX of Sonderburg-Glücksburg will restore Fredensborg to its brilliance. Nicknamed “the father-in-law of Europe” due to the distinguished marriages of his six kids, the brand new king favored to collect his prolonged household right here for the vacations. Thus, we’ll see the Prince of Wales, the long run Edward VII, and his spouse Alexandra of Denmark, the sister of the latter Dagmar and her husband, the Russian Tsar Alexander III, King of the Hellenes George I, nee Wilhelm I. Denmark …

Fredensborg fell asleep once more on the daybreak of the tragic twentieth century, marked by two world wars. Solely after the dying of Frederick IX in 1972 did the workplace develop into the residence of his widow, Queen Ingrid, till 2000. Right this moment, their daughter Margrethe II lives in Fredensborg in spring and autumn, and each summer season Crown Prince Frederik lives in his grandmother’s outdated condo along with his household.

The 120-hectare park designed by Krieger has been expanded and modified a number of occasions. Initially, seven alleys led from the fan-shaped citadel to the encircling forest. It has been adorned with a formidable program of sculptures, thanks primarily to the expertise of Johannes Wiedevelt. Latest work has made it doable to partially restore its splendor and unique format, particularly, Brede Allewhose timber have been replanted. As well as, a semicircular parterre was recreated in entrance of the citadel. In 1995, a greenhouse was constructed subsequent to the herb backyard. In 2019, to have fun the Crown Prince’s fiftieth birthday, the driving enviornment was restored and a few of the outdated stables have been refurbished.

Queen Margrethe at Fredensborg Castle during the confirmation of Princess Isabella on April 30, 2022.
Queen Margrethe II, Crown Prince Frederik, Crown Princess Mary, Prince Christian, Princess Isabella, Princess Josephine and Prince Vincent at Fredensborg Fort through the affirmation of Princess Isabella on April 30, 2022. © Patrick van Katwijk/Getty Photographs

It was in Fredensborg, the place the hussars of the Royal Guard – Guards Hussar Regiment – is deployed all year long that the Sovereign accepts the credentials of ambassadors and organizes the principle official visits. In keeping with a customized that’s greater than 150 years outdated, honored company who sleep right here – princes or heads of state – need to engrave their title on one of many home windows of the citadel with a diamond pen.

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