Will the well-known author win the Nobel Prize for Literature this yr?

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The Nobel Prize for Literature can be introduced on Thursday and, as yearly, the announcement was preceded by a lot hypothesis and hypothesis about who will win it. There’s additionally the customized of betting within the UK, and up to now it has occurred that among the many names with essentially the most bets was truly the identify of the winner or winner.

American journalist Alex Shepard, about whom he has been writing since 2015 New Republic a humorous, humorous article about these bets says that this yr, in contrast to the same old, the names that flow into essentially the most from Ladbrokes, the British playing firm, aren’t the identical ones that almost all usually cite its contacts within the Scandinavian publishing world, the one who is aware of the authority greatest granting the award, the Swedish Academy. In these components it’s stated {that a} well-known author can be chosen this yr, “even when not a famous person like Bob Dylan or Kazuo Ishiguro”, winners in 2016 and 2017 respectively.

The Nobel Prize for Literature ought to be awarded to the one who “within the area of world literature has distinguished essentially the most for his works within the excellent course”: it’s in actual fact an expert award, which is due to this fact awarded to people who find themselves not younger and that, because of the ambiguity of the definition, it may be attributed to very totally different authors . Nevertheless, fairly often bets are positioned based mostly on who has gained recognition lately and assuming that in some way the following individual to win it will likely be totally different.

Final yr it was the flip of Abdulrazak Gurnah, a really little-known professor of Tanzanian literature, and he by no means appeared among the many names he had staked on, and in 2021 the extra well-known, however undoubtedly not the best-selling American author Louise Glück. So maybe what is alleged in and round Stockholm in regards to the fame of the following winner or the following winner might be confirmed. The bets of the previous couple of hours have been oriented on this course as properly: the identify that ensures a decrease payout within the occasion of a win – that’s, the one bookmakers think about almost definitely – is the identify of Michel Houellebecq: maybe essentially the most well-known French author alive.

Houellebecq is 66 years previous and is a well-known and controversial author, each in France and Italy, because of the misogyny and Islamophobic elements of the characters in his novels. The literary worth of some older ones, corresponding to Elementary particles (1998) is well known, whereas the criticism has been sharper in opposition to newer ones corresponding to: Serotonin (2019) e Submitted work (2015), a novel revealed just a few days earlier than the assault on the editorial workplace Charlie Hebdo wherein it was imagined that the French presidential election in 2022 was gained by an Islamic occasion. Nevertheless, each time a brand new ebook by Houellebecq is revealed, loads is alleged about it.

In 2019, the author acquired the Legion of Honor, the very best ornament of the French Republic. Nevertheless, in line with Shepard, Houellebecq is unlikely to win the Nobel Prize as his imaginative and prescient of multiculturalism could be very opposite to that of Gurnah, who was awarded final yr “for his passionate and decided narrative in regards to the results of colonialism and the destiny of refugees between cultures and continents.”

The second hottest individual is the lesser identified Canadian poet and college professor of traditional literature Anne Carson. He’s 72 years previous and his work is usually experimental and troublesome to categorize. In Italy, a few of her books have been revealed not too long ago, a while after the unique publication, as a result of she is spoken of as a attainable Nobel candidate. The final one is The great thing about her husband. A novel essay in 29 tangos: 2001, was launched in Italian in June for La Nave di Teseo.

Anne Carson in New York, April 1, 2019 (La Presse / AP Photograph / Mark Lennihan)

However Carson does not appear to be a winner both, no less than in case you belief the statistics of the current Nobel Prize. Actually, it often takes years between awarding an award to 1 poet and one other, and the one awarded to Glück, additionally North American, like Carson, takes place in 2020. If he wins as a substitute, it will likely be the second Nobel Prize for Literature awarded to a Canadian – quick story author Alice Munro gained it in 2013.

In third place among the many hottest names was one other French lady, writer of autobiographical novels Annie Ernaux, who has gained some recognition lately (she was “found”, say the insiders) additionally outdoors France and has since been a relentless presence amongst Nobel Prize bets. He’s 82 years previous and was taken from one in every of his books Occasion (Occasion), a movie that gained the Golden Lion on the Venice Movie Competition in 2021: launched in France in 2000, it tells the story of her clandestine abortion.

Numerous of his different books may also be learn in Italian, all not too long ago revealed by L’orma. Amongst them are Frozen ladyinitially revealed in 1981, devoted to the imbalance between husband and spouse in marriage of the time; Yearswherein the occasions of the author’s life are contextualized in French historical past; AND Second daughterwhich tells of Ernaux’s discovery of a sister who died earlier than her delivery.

Annie Ernaux in 2008 (Ulf Andersen / Aurimages / ANSA)

France is the nation that gained essentially the most within the first 120 years of the Nobel Prize in Literature: 15 in complete, all awarded to males. The final one was Patrick Modiano, winner in 2014.

Different names thought-about extra possible by bookmakers are Adonis, a Syrian poet, and Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o, a Kenyan author: each of them have been on betting lists for some time, and Thiong’o is specifically the “everlasting favourite”. in Shepard’s definition. He, too, is a type of authors whose many aged books have been revealed or republished in Italian lately, maybe exactly due to his continued presence on the lists of “eligible candidates”: after the Nobel Prize for Literature is awarded, the books of the winners are offered loads and that is why it is good for publishers to be a writer.

If Thiong’o wins, just a few small publishers and La Nave di Teseo, which revealed in 2019 The wizard of ravens (2004) a couple of dictator affected by a mysterious illness (he swells, floats within the air and can’t converse) that may solely be cured by a younger sorcerer. If it was Adonis’ flip as a substitute, Guanda could be fantastic.

In keeping with Shepard, Thiong’o is “arguably essentially the most deserving of the checklist” and the Swedish Academy “is aware of the time is working out for him to be awarded an award given he’s 84 years previous.”

Thiong’o’s daughter in Barcelona, ​​Could 8, 2017 (LaPresse / EFE / Alejandro Garcia)

Different authors and authors who’ve had a whole lot of weight lately and this yr are Maryse Condé, a author from Guadeloupe, a French abroad territory within the Caribbean, the writer of historic novels, Jon Fosse, a well-known Norwegian author and playwright in Scandinavia and Japanese Haruki Murakami, thought-about an unlikely winner as a result of his nice success with audiences, like Philip Roth – who died in 2018 – forward of him.

Shepard specifically believes that this has some probabilities, additionally as a result of since 2011 the Nobel Prize has not been awarded to a Scandinavian writer, that’s, to writers geographically nearer to the Swedish Academy; in the identical yr he discovered his option to the Swedish poet Tomas Tranströmer. To this point, three Norwegian Nobel Prizes for Literature have been awarded, however the final one dates again to 1928: it was gained by the author Sigrid Undset.

Jon Fosse in Frankfurt, October 16, 2019 (Boris Roessler / dpa, ANSA)

Basically, the chance {that a} Scandinavian (or European on the whole) can be awarded a prize is taken into account possible due to the current Nobel Prize. The reasoning behind Shepard’s sources is as follows: “After fixing his most blatant mistake (not awarding an award to a black African writer for over 30 years) with Gurnah, the Academy will proceed to right his errors (a small quantity this time). winners from Asia) or look nearer to house ».

The one actual novelty among the many names we can be betting on this yr is Salman Rushdie, a well-known Indian-British author who has been threatened with demise by the Iranian regime for over 30 years for one in every of his novels, stabbed at a public occasion in August. Some intellectuals, e.g. the director New Yorker David Remnick and the French thinker Bernard-Henri Lévy stated the award ought to be given to him as a logo of freedom of expression in addition to for his literary deserves, and gamers connect significance to their phrases.

Nevertheless, there may be an earlier reality about Rushdie and the Swedish Academy that doesn’t favor the attainable award of the author: in 1989, when Ruhollah Khomeini, Iran’s political and non secular chief at the moment, pronounced Rushdie’s demise sentence, the Academy refused to defend him. A lot in order that one in every of its members, the author Kerstin Ekman, stopped taking part in protests at establishment conferences.

The then guidelines of membership within the Academy assumed that you can not surrender being part of it, you can solely chorus from going to conferences. Because of this, Ekman’s opposition efficiently paralyzed the Academy, depriving it of one in every of its members. It was solely after the #metoo scandal, which resulted within the award of the 2019 award with a one-year delay, that the principles for Academy members modified: now members can resign voluntarily. A attainable reward for Rushdie would remind us of this disagreeable previous for the Academy.

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